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Forklift Information

Engine Type:
The most important thing do decide when choosing a forklift is how you'd like it to be powered for your application. Our experienced sales team would gladly talk you through the benefits and drawbacks of each engine type as it relates to your application, but for a quick overview, look below:

Electric - 
These machines are most suitable for frequent inside use, and should not be left out in the rain. Unlike internal combustion forklifts, they don't have an engine or transmission, but instead have a series of electric motors powered by a battery. They're almost silent, and release no fumes, meaning they're safe for use in confined spaces. They're also the cheapest to run, as once your charging unit is connected via single phase or three phase, charging the battery costs very little. They should be used relatively frequently to avoid degradation to the battery.

LPG (Liquid Petrolium Gas) - 
These machines are most suitable for inside and outside use. Although they do release some fumes, they're still suitable for use inside (although not around food products), and handle outside use much better than an electric machine. Also unlike an electric machine, as long as the gas bottle and battery are disconnected, LPG forklifts are happy to sit around unused for prolonged periods of time, ready to use when needed. Compared to diesel forklifts, they are slightly more expensive to run, with a full gas bottle lasting 6-8 hours of constant use.

Diesel - 
These machines are most suitable for use outside. As diesel machines release harmful fumes and particulates, they need to be used in a well ventilated area, and are not safe to use around food products. They normally provide more power than gas forklifts, and are cheaper to fuel - but not as cheap as electric.

Forklift Type:

3 Wheel Counterbalance Forklift -
These are the most manoeuvrable counterbalance forklifts, able to work in 3.1m aisles and turn almost on the dime. These are usually powered by electric, and are suitable for smaller units and warehouses. Capacities range from 1000kg to 2500kg, with Lift Heights of 3000mm to 6500mm

4 Wheel Counterbalance Forklift - 
These are the most common type of forklift, powered by gas, electric or diesel - able to manoeuvre in aisles of 3.4m - 4.5m depending on the capacity. Capacities range from 1000kg upwards, with lift heights of 3000mm to 6500mm

Side loader - 
These machines are most suitable for lifting longer loads through narrow doorways, and are normally purchased by steel fabricators and timber yards. They are usually powered by diesel, although some are LPG, and capacities range from 3000kg upwards, with lift heights of 3300mm to 5600mm, with very few lifting higher.

Reach Truck -
These machines are perfectly suited to warehouses. They manoeuvre in 2.6m - 2.8m aisles, and can lift loads to much higher heights than counterbalance machines with much less capacity de-ration. Capacities range from 1000kg to 2500kg, with lift heights of 4700mm to 12,000mm.

Combilift - 
These machines have wheels that turn on their axle, allowing them to be driven in any direction from the spot. This allows the machine to work as a combination of a front loading machine or a side loading machine, adapting to any application. Included in this category are Moffett forklifts, which can be mounted onto the rear of lorries. They are powered by electric, gas or diesel - capacities range from 2000kg upwards, with lift heights of 3500mm to 5500mm.

Mast Types:

Duplex Mast -
These masts have two stages, and usually only have a small amount of free lift, allowing a clear view through the centre of the mast to the load.

Triplex Mast -
These masts have three stages, with a centre ram blocking the view through the mast. These masts allow you to reach greater heights without compromising on closed height, and come with full free lift as standard.

Free Lift/Full Free Lift-
Free lift refers to the height you can raise the forks before the inner mast begins to rise. Full free lift means that the inner mast will not rise until the forks reach the top of the first stage, allowing you to double stack under a mezzanine, or into a container.

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